Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder that involves dysfunctional sleep-wake cycles. Signs and symptoms of narcolepsy may include the following:
Narcolepsy can affect virtually anyone in the world—male or females of all ages and races. Sometimes, people may experience symptoms during childhood, but onset typically occurs later in life.
The cause of this condition is unknown. Scientists have linked narcolepsy with certain genes that are responsible for controlling the sleep-wake cycle. The condition has also been linked to brain abnormalities in the regions that regulate REM sleep.
Our skilled physicians can diagnose narcolepsy with a comprehensive medical history interview allowing you to describe your symptoms and lifestyle. A physical examination may be completed to rule out other possible conditions. Then, your sleep specialists will conduct a series of tests in the sleep clinic to confirm the diagnosis of narcolepsy.
Treatment of narcolepsy revolves around making lifestyle changes in addition to taking prescribed medications. Your unique symptoms and medical history will help direct which treatment plan your doctor recommends. Keep in mind that you may have to try several medications before arriving at the one that works best for you.